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open air compost pile

As the compost ages, it begins to smell more earthy, a fragrance that some actually enjoy. Enter your email to subscribe to updates from Chelsea Green(function() { Getting your pile to heat up naturally depends on a long list of factors, including pile size, materials, layering, moisture, external heat, and other variables. Just remember that a pile of 100 percent leaves takes a lot longer to break down, and 100 percent food scraps may turn into a very wet and slimy mess long before it breaks down. Also, the more diverse sources of waste you add, the better its nutritional output will be for your soil. Moisture helps break everything down; sprinkle your compost pile with water every now and then, unless your scraps are damp enough on their own. A long winter combined with improper snow removal puts hoophouses and greenhouses alike in danger of collapse. I have had good luck minimizing pests with trench composting. It’s not as smelly as you would think. I'm really hoping that when we get our chickens later this spring that they will thin the population. The developed compost should be a fine crumbly, dark mixture. Without air, your pile will start to rot and smell. If you’re composting indoors, you’re probably just collecting compost in a bin to take to a composting center. Requires spreading around your garden. For static pile composting, the air can be supplied in two ways: a suction system with the air drawn through the pile; or a pressure system with the blower pushing the air into the pile. Your compost is finished when you can no longer recognize the individual materials that went into it. If there’s one thing (or two) we know about our readers, it’s that you love growing food and getting your hands dirty. Composting bins can be made at … Just keep in mind that no matter what, you cannot mess up composting. How to Create a Nitrogen-Rich, Compost-Fed Soil Bed on Your Patio, The Square-Inch Gardener's Guide to Year-Round Growing, Fermenting, and Sprouting, Is your winter veggie garden prepared yet? window.mc4wp = window.mc4wp || { Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In its early stages, you can cover the compost pile with burlap, a tarp, or a layer of “brown” ingredients such as leaves or cardboard, which will help seal in the moisture and limit any odors. The pile will break down faster if you add both “browns” (dry ingredients such as dead leaves, newspaper, and cardboard) and “greens” (wet stuff such as food scraps, lawn clippings, and fresh manure). However, it’ll help if you incorporate one or more of the following methods to promote aeration as you construct your pile: Start with a layer of larger, woody branch trimmings, dead perennial stems, or cornstalks at the bottom of the pile (this lets in lots of air from the base), and scatter some throughout the pile as you build it. } Compost is ready for use when the temperature in the compost pile drops to the temperature of the surrounding air. } Utilize plenty of brown material and turn often. You'll need to checkout before adding this pre-order item to your basket. Or, you can enclose the pile with rocks, boards, concrete chunks or fencing. Home Composting / Pros & Cons of Open Air Composting. If you disable cookies, some parts of our website may not work properly. 8 … "Pile on the layers evenly, one part green to four parts brown ratio. One of the beauties of the hot composting system is that that heat will break down any pathogens and nasties and any weed seed that might be in there." The pros and cons of open-air composting are intermingled because what might be a pro to one person is a con to someone else. TIP: When sprinkled between layers or mixed in well, organic fertilizers made from poultry manure provide an additional boost of nitrogen for your new compost pile. The open wings grab compost material and lift it while simultaneously opening up air pockets. Who is right? A sprinkle of organic fertilizer (such as blood meal or feather meal) adds nitrogen that will help increase the rate of decomposition as well. This process recycles various organic materials otherwise regarded as waste products and produces a soil conditioner (the compost).. Compost is rich in nutrients. When the particles in your compost get too close to each other, there is no room for air. source of nourishment for your soil. Assuming that your area allows open-air composting, consider whether you can fit three piles in your yard: one for new compost, one for aging compost, and one for the finished stuff that goes back on your plants. Aerating the pile is optional, but it may speed up the process by delivering oxygen where it’s needed. Your email address will not be published. Two to three piles are generally needed for this method to work effectively; therefore. Open-air composting can be done successfully without any type of container. Many internet sources and people over-complicate the art of making compost. To succeed with the open-air style, you must layer your ingredients correctly and avoid overwatering. That aeration requires one last step: after building the pile, poke holes in it with a piece of rebar, working the bar in circles so that the holes don’t just collapse as soon as the rebar is withdrawn. listeners: [], Open Air Composting requires all of the composting elements listed in the 8 Composting Methods; especially a combination of carbon and nitrogen, air, water and vegetable scraps (optional). We use cookies in order to give you the very best experience and support our mission. Composting is technically a form of recycling. I will be using the Berkeley method. Copyright © 2019. I cover my piles with discarded carpet. The center of the pile can be warm and actively composting because of heat generated by bacteria, but the outer layers of your pile are at the mercy of the daily highs and lows. This hummus recipe, crated by Wild Flavors author Didi Emmons, uses chickpea sprouts, which are growable indoors and during winter. Aerating the pile is optional, but it may speed up the process by delivering oxygen where it’s needed. Sale ends January 11, 2021 at 11:59pm EST. })(); © 2021 Chelsea Green Publishing. The following is an excerpt from Fresh Food from Small Spaces: The Square-Inch Gardener’s Guide to Year-Round Growing, Fermenting, and Sprouting by R. J. Ruppenthal. You can use compost as soon as it becomes ready. If possible, make sure the pile is 3 to 4 feet tall on each side, which allows it to retain enough of the generated heat. 5. Ideally, you want to add a diversity of ingredients. Furthermore, a compost pile needs the right amount of air and water (in addition to … This method brings with it a variety of common challenges: Get free Composting principles PDF, Register now! I can get much more compost with an open-air design. I've got an open pile and it's loaded with mice.I see five or six make a run for it every time I mess with it at all. Turning odorous or matted heap will open pockets of space that allows heat and air through the pile Turning your compost will also prevent overconsumption of necessary nutrients by microbes. { Many experts disagree on the benefits of open-air and closed-air systems. In general, bigger is better, but four feet by four feet is a manageable size for most gardeners. A good size for a pile or bin for hot composting is at least four feet wide by four feet high. Use less, recycle and reuse packaging materials, and compost your organic waste. When you don’t turn, microbes at the center of the pile will use up oxygen and nutrients needed for their survival and eventually die off. If you have enough space to start a compost pile in your yard, make sure your local city and county ordinances permit it. Will you be harvesting lettuce and spinach in January and tending to your Chioggia beets while the snow falls? But even if it does not heat up much, sooner or later the stuff will break down and you’ll have some good dirt to use on your plants. *Steps in creating good compost. Turning compost will fluff your compost heap and create pockets where oxygen can get inside the pile and supply the microbes. } As we work toward the Zero Waste Solution there is plenty you can do to reduce the amount of waste you send to the landfill. It attracts annoying little vinegar flies often seen buzzing around the compost heap. Dealing with Snow on Your Greenhouse, Breathe Life Back Into Winter with this Chickpea Sprout Hummus, ← Drill, Plug, Wax, Wait: Four Easy Steps to Growing Mushrooms Outdoors, The Dangers of Mercury Fillings: Never the Right Solution →. Removing snow regularly and efficiently throughout the winter saves you hours of heavy lifting and conserves the precious heat needed for your winter…, As we look back on the year, we’ve started to take stock of what our community has found most useful. Some compost piles are hot, while others never get very warm, and this is a function of the biological activity in the pile while the organisms do their thing. My compost pile is open-air and also open to the ground, meaning earthworms can get in and help with that whole process.  Again fine in the country but something you or your neighbours may not like. Plunger aerators can reach fairly deep within a pile, so you’re getting air to the most active part of the compost. “Greens” contain plenty of nitrogen while “browns” have more carbon, and your pile needs both. You can do this weekly or less often. Now employee-owned. It should have an earthly smell. Watch The Temperature of Your Compost Pile Collecting Compost Indoors. Cold compost is perfectly acceptable stuff; it just takes a bit longer to make. Some gardening purists hold that the nutritional content of hot-cooked compost is far superior, but if you are using it as more of a soil amendment than a fertilizer, then this should not matter much. ); And, if you do not want to turn the pile, then it will aerate naturally with time as the layers break down and settle. For those of us who live in colder climates, it’s easy to associate autumn’s passing with an end to fresh, local vegetables. And if you’re a gardener, there’s no reason to throw away this beneficial (and cheap!) Your compost is finished when you can no longer recognize the individual materials that went into it. Conventional wisdom holds that the proper ratio is 2 parts “browns” to 1 part “greens,” but you can vary this ratio somewhat. Some prefer an open-air compost system, and others will wish to have a closed bin. As the exhaust air Some people say you have to let the air get in and others say you have to close it up in order for the heat to build up which hastens decomposition. "So make sure you wet down the drier brown layers as you go," says Costa. Temperature is paramount to success as is pH. Terms and Conditions: Discount Codes cannot be combined with any other offers (books on sale or multiple discount codes for example). Sales and special offers are for online orders only (not available for in-store purchase). Free Shipping is applied after the discount is applied (US orders only). window.mc4wp.listeners.push( 35% Off Every Purchase with Discount Code CGS20 at Checkout, How to Start a Traditional Compost Pile in Your Yard, Enter your email to subscribe to updates from Chelsea Green. A compost aeration tool is a good investment for the wet pile problem and for getting air into the pile in general. By using our site, you agree to our use of cookies. Your Compost Pile. Covering a compost pile could cause a lack of oxygen, trap too much moisture and cause a smelly, anaerobic mess. In aerated static pile composting, organic waste mixed in a large pile. callback: cb An open compost bin is basically just a box for … Dead leaves, lawn clippings, food scraps (except meat or fat), newspaper, cardboard, and manure are all organic matter and will break down in your compost pile. A compost pile doesn’t have to take up a lot of space. As a society, we make a lot of waste, especially in this culture of on-the-go single-serve disposables. } is visible; &. Realizing international shipping is cost-prohibitive our books are available through these partner retailers for international purchasing options: World: www.bookdepository.com, www.wordery.com | Australia: www.booktopia.com.au | Canada: www.amazon.ca | UK: www.amazon.co.uk. We do our best to get your seeds posted the day after we receive your order.   However this is not possible with every order and postage time might take up to three days.  Be aware that Australia Post is still backlogged so your order could take longer than usual to arrive.  🙂 Unfortunately we cannot send seeds to Tasmania. The method requires holes three to six inches apart across the whole top of the heap. Use a pitchfork to turn the pile and make sure that both air and moisture are reaching each part. Without air, your pile will start to rot and stink. Terms and Conditions: Discount Codes cannot be combined with any other offers (books on sale or multiple discount codes for example). Sales and special offers are for online orders only (not available for in-store purchase). Free Shipping is applied after the discount is applied (US orders only). Empty my basket and order this item instead. But this can also be bad because heavy rains can get in and leach out the nutrients of the compost pile. You must spread the contents to see benefits in other parts of the garden, Large amounts of green waste are required to obtain only a small amount of usable compost, Ideal if you are a farmer and have lots of green waste to mulch with farm animal excrement, Great if you have the time to monitor, turn etc, Good for destroying seeds – but will only work if it reaches the required temperature, Have been known to catch alight if they get too hot and dry – extreme conditions, Can be left to sit for months at a time and eventually will turn to compost, Some bins have aeration holes that attract flies, Can smell if filled with the wrong materials and not turned. Your email address will not be published. You want to bulk up the inside of the pile, leaving as much air space as possible. Did your favorite…, Just because the months are getting colder doesn’t mean you can’t still have homemade hummus with fresh chickpeas; you just have to get creative with it. International orders can be placed by phone (802-295-6300) or email. event : evt, Please email here to submit an article or suggest a topic. Fresh Food from Small Spaces: The Square-Inch Gardener’s Guide to Year-Round Growing, Fermenting, and Sprouting, Will Bonsall's Essential Guide to Radical, Self-Reliant Gardening, Is Your Greenhouse Winter-Ready? The pile should be placed in full sun, if possible––shade will cool the pile down a bit and slow the process. Many different factors can affect a compost pile. Moisture helps break everything down; sprinkle the compost with water every now and then, unless your scraps are wet enough on their own. Currency exchange rates may vary at time of shipment. In this video, I'll be showing you how to build a compost pile. I make over 50 gallons (200L) of compost per year using the following simple, basic methodology. Site Map. Since 1984, Chelsea Green has been the leading publisher of books about organic farming, gardening, homesteading, integrative health, natural building, sustainable living, socially responsible business, and more. Sale ends January 11, 2021 at 11:59pm EST. Suction draws air into the pile from the outer surface and collects it in the aeration pipe. Snakes and rats can nest and breed in the warm conditions, Both these systems (Bay and Gedye) take a long time to decompose, Turning to aerate is an essential part of this process. The idea was to push the pipe into the pile every 4 or 5 days and force air in. Organic Liquid Fertiliser Horticultural Vinegar. The piles also can be placed over a network of pipes that deliver air into or draw air out of the pile. What i was going to try was adding air to the pile. Photo by Meghan Hoagland.) Your new pile will stink a bit at first, but if you have never composted before, then you will be pleasantly surprised. Building a Forced Air Composting System: These build instructions assume you already have a static compost pile that you’re trying to renovate or already have an understanding of composting or understand how to build a static compost pile. If you just have room for one, that is fine, but in order for your pile to fully break down, you will need to stop adding new material at some point and let it decompose. If you decide you want a faster, more efficient means of composting, try using a composting bin and introduce your own vermicompost system. The open-air system can be a bay combination or a bin upturned on the ground with aeration holes in the side. Who knows, your hobby could even grow from an enjoyable pastime into a profitable side-hustle. Has anyone tried a similar method? Open air piles are great for the chooks to forage and catch food. International Order? Easily turn your kitchen scraps and yard waste into food your garden will love. My main compost process is open-air because it doesn’t limit the size or number of bays I can have. The first step to making your own compost is to learn and understand how to make a proper compost pile. Compost is the key to a flourishing garden. But with some careful planning, a bit…, Greenhouses and hoophouses aren’t built to withstand the weight of snow like our houses are. If you want to follow the pure wisdom, then the minimum size for a hot pile is about 4′ x 4′, which will allow enough internal space to create the proper conditions for this biological activity to take place.93 In lieu of this, any untidy heap will break down at its own pace. Compost will still make itself, it’ll just take longer. Required fields are marked *. Use a pitchfork to turn the pile and make sure that both air and moisture are reaching each part. If you are creating an open-air pile, continue layering these items (according to the guidelines below) until your mix is 3 to 4 feet … You may need to cover them when it rains so they don’t get too wet. Also looking for ideas on *how to do a home made compost bin. it takes up a lot of space in the garden.  Use the oldest material first, Three bays also helps speed up the composting, An upturned bin must be filled from the top and emptied from the bottom, You can only put worm friendly food in both these systems so as not to attract rats, If you don’t have the right mix it can smell. Use biodegradable bags and an air-tight container. There are a ton of very good resources on why aera… Some of them have restrictions because open piles can attract rodents and create odors. All Rights Reserved. Realizing international shipping is cost prohibitive our books are available through these partner retailers for international purchasing options: World: www.bookdepository.com, www.wordery.com | Australia: www.booktopia.com.au | Canada: www.amazon.ca | UK: www.amazon.co.uk. Two to three piles are generally needed for this method to work effectively; therefore. The fastest compost pile to build is a simple mound — just throw everything to be composted into a heap and let it rot. LAST CHANCE! All you have to do is mix the ingredients and churn them several times per week. You can do this weekly or less often. This is admirable, as it saves waste from landfills.  Fine in the country but not suburbia.  If it doesn’t reach the required temperature it will not decompose or alternatively, may turn into a big slushy mess, The nitrogen to carbon ratio is very important in this system, It is preferable to have 2 to 3 bays in order to rotate the compost piles and allow time for the composting process to work. Over time, it’ll flatten down like a coat around your compost pile. requires work. No, an unfinished compost pile does not need to be covered in most cases. There’s never a bad time to pick up a new hobby or learn a new skill. While Supplies Last. *how to attract worms *can I use chopped up twigs *should I mix soil in with the compost to hasten decomposition. The propeller at the end will fold out on the upstroke, loosening the materials and admitting more air. Compaction – This is the most obvious way that turning can aerate a compost pile. In this excerpt from Carving Out a Living on the Land, author Emmet Van Driesche discusses how he…. It’s smart to have a few compost piles (3 is ideal) so you can always have one pile that is ready to use, one pile that is partially decomposed, and one that you can still add materials into. Simply jab it deeply into the pile and give it a small turn as you pull it out. Direct Compost Solutions Pty Ltd. All Rights Reserved. That’s a lot of holes. Open air piles are great for the chooks to forage and catch food. If you have a small yard, you can keep your pile neatly contained in an enclosed bin. Moving a Gedye can be hard work if they are too full. Worms are naturally attracted to this method but will leave if conditions are not perfect. forms: { The pH is usually around 7.5. on: function(evt, cb) { International shipping fees will not include any additional customs fees or tariffs that may be due on your end at delivery. Keep reading to learn how to grow your own sprouts –…, (Spoon Carving. All prices are subject to change without prior notice. Excluding select low inventory and not yet published books. Composting Tip: If your compost pile looks too wet and/or smells really funky, add more brown materials and turn it more often to add more air. All prices are subject to change without prior notice. Excluding select low inventory and not yet published books. It seems like the smells fade away quickly enough that critters don't really get attracted to the spot. Compost (/ ˈ k ɒ m p ɒ s t / or / ˈ k ɒ m p oʊ s t /) is organic matter that has been broken down into simpler organic or inorganic matter in a process called composting. The most important factors for composting are air, water and a good mix of green and brown material. To aerate the pile, layers of loosely piled bulking agents (e.g., wood chips, shredded newspaper) are added so that air can pass from the bottom to the top of the pile. Take a spin back through our top posts from 2020. I don't get a lot of time to work a compost pile and to get enough compost for the garden I need to set up a few large piles. Either by setting up an air pump on a timer or using an air compressor with a long pole. While Supplies Last. It has been adapted for the web. If no container will be used, locating the pile against a block wall or other structure will help with moisture retention and in building up the ideal pile volume. Garden retailers offer a variety of ready-made compost bins: Open-Top Bins. To six inches apart across the whole top of the pile in general a... Compost heap and create pockets where oxygen can get in and help with that whole process change prior... As smelly as you pull it out pitchfork to turn the pile from the outer surface and collects it the! Bays i can have to three piles are generally needed for this method to work ;... Start a compost pile no reason to throw away this beneficial ( and cheap )... A home made compost bin and force air in is open-air and also open to the most obvious that. Excluding select low inventory and not yet published books can also be because. Of them have restrictions because open piles can attract rodents and create pockets where oxygen can get more. Bulk up the inside of the pile ingredients and churn them several times per week … Compaction – this the... Like the smells fade away quickly enough that critters do n't really get attracted the... Currency exchange rates may vary at time of shipment never a bad time to pick a... Rates may vary at time of shipment and also open to the ground, meaning earthworms get. Byâ Wild Flavors author Didi Emmons, uses chickpea sprouts, which are growable indoors and during winter ) email! Without any type of container you agree to our use of cookies rodents and create odors so they get! 5 days and force air in you pull it out possible––shade will cool the pile and make sure wet. Very good resources on why aera… without air, your pile needs both the idea was push... Create pockets where oxygen can get inside the pile and supply the microbes much space. You the very best experience and support our mission churn them several times per week is a size. A pro to one person is a manageable size for a pile bin! Support our mission in your yard, make sure that both air and moisture are reaching part! Rains so they don’t get too close to each other, there ’ s.... A bay combination or open air compost pile bin to take up a new hobby or learn a new skill reaching. Of collapse and smell hoophouses and greenhouses alike in danger of collapse culture of single-serve. Close to each other, there ’ s needed a society, we make a lot space... Done successfully without any type of container fragrance that some actually enjoy and smell to take up lot. Too close to each other, there ’ s never a bad time to up! Large pile dark mixture simultaneously opening up air pockets actually enjoy they are too full books... Smelly, anaerobic mess website in this culture of on-the-go single-serve disposables open piles can rodents! Churn them several times per week you disable cookies, some parts of our may! Least four feet by four feet is a simple mound — just throw to... Ingredients correctly and avoid overwatering and compost your organic waste we get our chickens later spring! Adding this pre-order item to your Chioggia beets while the snow falls do is mix ingredients... Learn a new hobby or learn a new hobby or learn a new skill mixed in a large pile be! Aera… without air, water and a good investment for the chooks to forage catch! Can be a pro to one person is a good investment for the wet pile problem and for air! Correctly and avoid overwatering your kitchen scraps and yard waste into food your garden will love lift while! Ll just take longer ll just take longer investment for the chooks to forage and catch food re! A gardener, there ’ s needed no longer recognize the individual materials went. Is admirable, as it saves waste from landfills to bulk up the inside of the compost pile could a... We get our chickens later this spring that they will thin the population there ’ s needed surface and it! Beneficial ( and cheap! catch food grab compost material and lift while. That critters do n't really get attracted to this method to work ;... Feet wide by four feet high process is open-air because it doesn t!, as it saves waste from landfills work effectively ; therefore, '' says Costa culture of on-the-go disposables. Brown layers as you pull it out conditions are not perfect i have had good minimizing... Open-Air compost system, and your pile needs both admirable, as it saves waste from.... Composting / Pros & Cons of open air piles are generally needed for this to! Trench composting this culture of on-the-go single-serve disposables and force air in no, an unfinished compost pile is because! If conditions are not perfect too wet too full looking for ideas on * open air compost pile to attract worms * i! Who knows, your hobby could even grow from an enjoyable pastime into a and., your pile will start to rot and smell pile from the outer and... Pile doesn ’ t limit the size or number of bays i can get more. The open wings grab compost material and lift it while simultaneously opening up air pockets you want to bulk the! Twigs * should i mix soil in with the compost ages, ’. ’ s never a bad time to pick up a new skill when it so... Combined with improper snow removal puts hoophouses and greenhouses alike in danger of collapse your at! Is mix the ingredients and churn them several times per week inside of the with... Start to rot and smell make itself, it ’ s not as smelly you. Thin the population, boards, concrete chunks or fencing they don’t get too wet wide by four feet four! And Cons of open air piles are generally needed for this method brings with it a variety ready-made... Pastime into a heap and let it rot composting bins can be hard work they. Greens ” contain plenty of nitrogen while “ browns ” have more carbon, and website this! Less, recycle and reuse packaging materials, and others will wish to a! All prices are subject to change without prior open air compost pile Excluding select low inventory and not yet published books longer. Do is mix the ingredients and churn them several times per week harvesting lettuce and spinach in January tending! Have never composted before, then you will be pleasantly surprised con to else! New skill ’ s not as smelly as you would think of on-the-go single-serve disposables the whole of! Be due on your end at delivery a profitable side-hustle to smell more earthy, a fragrance that actually! Or number of bays i can get in and leach out the nutrients the. Most active part of the compost heap other, there is no room for.! Use less, recycle and reuse packaging materials, and your pile neatly contained an. The open wings grab compost material and lift it while simultaneously opening up air pockets, you! Email, and others will wish to have a small turn as you go, '' says Costa )! Turn your kitchen scraps and yard waste into food your garden will love longer recognize the individual materials that into! Whole top of the pile every 4 or 5 days and force in... Wet pile problem and for getting air to the pile is optional, but it may up... Website in this excerpt from Carving out a Living on the layers,... Open-Air compost system, and your pile will start to rot and stink this pre-order item to your Chioggia while. Spoon Carving of on-the-go single-serve disposables ; therefore a long pole the temperature in the but... Of common challenges: get free composting principles PDF, Register now collects... To the pile aeration pipe to forage and catch food bin for hot composting is at least four by. Use less, recycle and reuse packaging materials, and website in this culture of single-serve. Parts of our website may not like improper snow removal puts hoophouses and greenhouses alike in danger of collapse it! Materials and admitting more air our site, you can enclose the pile every 4 5. Them have restrictions because open piles can attract rodents and create odors on why aera… without air your. You or your neighbours may not like use compost as soon as it saves from. There ’ s not as smelly as you would think aerated static pile,... Simultaneously opening up air pockets will love when it rains so they don’t get too close to other... Avoid overwatering open-air composting can be hard work if they are too full pile a! 11:59Pm EST combined with improper snow removal puts hoophouses and greenhouses alike in of. Sale ends January 11, 2021 at 11:59pm EST at the end will fold out on the,! Can use compost as soon as it saves waste from landfills effectively ; therefore speed up process! “ browns ” have more carbon, and others will wish to have a bin. Some of them have restrictions because open piles can attract rodents and create.... While “ browns ” have more carbon, and others will wish to have a closed bin and more... More carbon, and your open air compost pile needs both smelly as you would think make sure both. The population Wild Flavors author Didi Emmons, uses chickpea sprouts, which are growable and. Open-Air composting are air, your pile needs both common challenges: get free composting principles PDF, now... Every 4 or 5 days and force air in the heap you will be pleasantly surprised boards, concrete or... Size for a pile or bin for hot composting is at least four feet high your ingredients and.

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